Ocular Herpes is commonly caused by Herpes Simplex Virus 1 (HSV 1), which causes cold sores, and is the most common transmissible cause of a visual impairment called corneal blindness in the United States.
Nearly everybody is exposed to HSV during childhood. The virus is passed on via bodily fluids, and kids are frequently infected by an adult’s saliva. The first infection is frequently mild, only causing a sore mouth or throat. After exposure, the virus typically lies dormant within the nerve that connects the kin and eye.
Ocular Herpes Symptoms
• Swelling around the ocular area
• Recurrent eye infections
• Foreign body sensation
• Watery discharge
• Eye redness
• Light Sensitivity
Types of Ocular Herpes
A viral infection is the first type, cold sore within the eye. It causes an ulcer or sore on the cornea’s surface. Sterile ulcers is the second type. These are slow to heal due to the damage from the previous viral infection. The third type is immune or allergic which is located deeper within the cornea because of the reaction to viral proteins that are left once the infection has cleared. The fourth type is inflammation found behind the cornea.
Ocular Herpes Treatment?
The treatment of the infectious ulcer is thru either antiviral pills or eye drops over a 2- to 3-week period. Occasionally, both are utilized. An antibiotic/lubricating or steroid eye drop prescribed by the doctor. The doctor may take samples from the cornea’s affected area. Herpes has no complete cure as soon as the virus has entered the body.