What Causes Herpes: Genital Herpes Overview

What causes herpes? Genital herpes type one is an infection that’s sexually transmitted. It’s passed from one individual to another during sexual intercourse, oral sex including. It frequently has no symptoms. Treatment is easy. You can always protect yourself by wearing condoms whenever you have sex.

The Causative Agent

The sexually transmitted infection is caused by the HSV (Herpes Simplex virus), which has two types: HSV-1 and HSV-2. These viruses are related but have different clinical courses. Both type 1 and type 2 can affect the anal area and genitals (genital herpes), the mouth and nose (cold sores) or fingers and hands (whitlows).

What causes herpes

Type 1 causes cold sores. And with a boost in oral sex, it now usually causes genital herpes. The virus can access the body via the vagina, rectum, soft linings of the mouth, urethra (the duct where urine delivered out of the body) as well as under the foreskin. Moreover, it can enter through tiny cuts in the surface of the skin.

How Do You Acquire Genital Herpes?

Most individuals catch genital herpes from somebody who isn’t aware that they were infected. A person can catch genital herpes when he or she has sex with somebody who has the infection already. This can be by anal sex, vaginal sex, oral sex or by close contact of the genital.


The most common mode to acquire type one genital herpes is by having oral sex with an individual who is about to have cold sores or already has one — although this is extremely rare the type 2 infection. Herpes can hardly be transmitted by an individual with herpes on the hands or fingers that touch the genital area of their partner.

You could be infected with genital herpes for a few weeks to several months, (or even years) before symptoms show.

Virus Herpes Facts

What You Need to Know About Genital Herpes

Beware of These Genital Herpes Symptoms